This celebrity goo was created by player Angela Lathem-Ballard.
Scott Hardie provided the source image, gooed image, category, and difficulty, made minor changes to the clue provided by Angela, and wrote the explanation.

publication date: Sunday, July 27, 2003 (part of Round XX)

category: Education

clue: Mussolini thought she would help to create little fascists. This thrice-nominated Nobelian Dottoressa wasn’t interested.

explanation: Dr. Montessori founded the "Montessori Method" of teaching. In 1931, Mussolini ordered all teachers in Italy to swear loyalty to fascism; all Montessori teachers refused, and Maria Montessori was forced into exile for it. She was nominated three times for the Nobel Prize. Montessori was the first female physician in Italy ("Dottoressa" is Italian for doctor). more…

solved by: Steve West, Matthew Preston, Mike Eberhart, Dave Mitzman, Lori Lancaster, Aaron Fischer, Christine Marie Doiron, Anthony Lewis, Kelly Stokes, Brad Htnck, Jeff Flom, D. R., and Tom Bruser

trivia: The answer was plainly visible in Requestor Angela René Rehn's bio on the site, which identified her as a Montessori teacher.

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